The month of September has a long and varied history. It was originally the seventh month of the Roman calendar, which began in March. The name “September” comes from the Latin word “septem,” meaning “seven.”
In 46 BC, Julius Caesar reformed the Roman calendar and added January and February to the beginning of the year. September became the ninth month, but it retained its name.
The Romans celebrated several important festivals in September, including the Cerealia, a festival of fertility and agriculture, and the Ludi Romani, a week-long festival of games and entertainment.
In the early Christian church, September was a time of fasting and preparation for the coming feast of All Saints’ Day. The first day of September was also celebrated as the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross.
In the Middle Ages, September was a time of harvest and feasting. It was also a time of pilgrimage, as many people traveled to Rome to visit the tomb of Saint Peter.
In the modern era, September has become a month of important holidays and events. In the United States, Labor Day is celebrated on the first Monday of September. This holiday commemorates the contributions of workers to the American economy. September also marks the beginning of the school year in many parts of the world.
In recent years, September has also become known for a number of tragic events, including the September 11 attacks and the Hurricane Katrina disaster. These events have had a profound impact on the world and have helped to shape the history of September.
Here are some other notable events that have happened in September:
- 753 BC: The founding of Rome is traditionally dated to September 21.
- 45 BC: Julius Caesar adds January and February to the Roman calendar, making September the ninth month.
- 31 BC: The Battle of Actium, in which Octavian defeats Mark Antony and Cleopatra, is fought on September 2.
- 1752: The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, resulting in September 2 being followed immediately by September 14.
- 1830: The September Revolution in France overthrows the Bourbon monarchy.
- 1939: Germany invades Poland, starting World War II in Europe.
- 1945: Japan formally surrenders to the Allies, ending World War II.
- 1972: Black September terrorists attack the Israeli Olympic team in Munich, killing 11 athletes.
- 2001: The September 11 attacks are carried out by al-Qaeda, killing nearly 3,000 people in New York City, Washington, D.C., and Pennsylvania.
- 2005: Hurricane Katrina makes landfall in Louisiana, causing widespread damage and displacement.
September is a month of both history and modern events. It is a time of celebration, remembrance, and reflection.